Liderazgo femenino y felicidad en el trabajo: el papel mediador del intercambio líder-colaborador

Palabras clave: liderazgo, relaciones laborales, bienestar laboral

Resumen

Objetivo: el objetivo de este artículo es examinar el papel del liderazgo femenino en la felicidad en el trabajo de sus colaboradores. Además, se analiza el papel mediador de la relación entre el líder y el colaborador, entendida como el intercambio líder-colaborador (LMX). Método: se ha utilizado la encuesta como método de investigación; se analizaron datos cuantitativos a nivel individual a través de modelos de ecuaciones estructurales. La muestra está compuesta por 292 empleados no directivos del sector hotelero español, para los que se analiza su percepción individual acerca de las variables objeto de estudio. Resultados: los resultados revelan que el liderazgo femenino ejerce un papel clave para fomentar la felicidad en el trabajo, lo cual se ve potenciado a través de la relación entre el líder y el colaborador. Conclusiones: desde el punto de vista teórico, esta investigación aporta un importante avance a la teoría de demandas y recursos, así como a la teoría de los acontecimientos afectivos; las competencias femeninas del líder actuarían como un recurso que genera actitudes positivas, el cual, con base en el modelo de ganancias mutuas tendría efectos en la mejora de la productividad laboral de los colaboradores. Desde un enfoque práctico, la mejora de las relaciones líder-colaborador y de la felicidad en el trabajo, generadas por el liderazgo femenino, permiten conocer que las competencias demostradas por las mujeres deberían de potenciarse también en los hombres con funciones directivas.

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Publicado
2018-12-17
Cómo citar
Salas-Vallina, A. (2018). Liderazgo femenino y felicidad en el trabajo: el papel mediador del intercambio líder-colaborador. Búsqueda, 5(21), 146-164. https://doi.org/10.21892/01239813.417
Sección
Artículos de investigación